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Spon's First Stage Estimating Handbook
One of the paradoxes of construction project management is that the earlier a decision has to be made, the more difficult the task is of estimating the cost implications. Yet the most important decisions are taken earliest - when the cost estimates are the most difficult to obtain. Spon's First Stage Estimating Handbook is the only comprehensive and reliable source of first stage estimating costs. Covering the whole spectrum of building, civil engineering, m and e work, and landscaping work, vital cost data is presented as costs per square metre, elemental cost analyses, principal rates and composite rates. Compact and clear, Spon's First Stage Estimating Handbook is ideal for meetings with clients when the inevitable question 'just an idea...a ballpark figure...' needs an accurate response. With additional sections on whole life costing and general information, this is an essential reference for all construction professionals and clients making early judgements on the viability of new projects.